Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are frequently caused by a violent blow to the head. Acute traumatic brain injuries occur when objects penetrate the brain tissue, for instance, a bullet or pieces of a shattered skull. Mild traumatic injuries are less severe, but far more common. According to the National Academy of Neuropsychology, of the estimated 1.5 million documented traumatic brain injuries each year, roughly 80% are defined within the mild range. Even though the term “mild” suggests that mild traumatic brain injuries are not serious, that’s not actually the case. Victims of mild traumatic brain injuries can suffer permanent cognitive deficits. Acute and mild traumatic brain injuries require immediate medical care. If untreated, they can lead to long-term complications or death. If you’re the victim of a traumatic brain injury, contact our experienced Atlanta brain injury lawyers at Allen & Scofield Injury Lawyers, LLC today.
To schedule a free, initial consultation with our skilled and compassionate Atlanta injury lawyers at (404) 419-6674 or through our online form. We handle personal injury claims on a contingency basis, meaning there will never be up-front costs associated with your case. We only get paid when we win your case.
Common Causes of TBIs
Traumatic brain injuries can be caused by several different types of catastrophic events. The most common incidents are car accidents, falls, and gun shots. Gunshot brain injuries tend to be fatal. Often times, the victims die in nine out of 10 cases. Other mechanisms that cause traumatic brain injuries include closed head injuries, open head injuries, tumors, and strokes.
Open head injuries are caused by bullet wounds, focal damage, and objects penetrating the skull. Closed head injuries can occur as the result of a fall or car accident. They can lead to focal damage and diffuse axon damage.
Traumatic brain injuries can also be caused by the failure of the body’s internal organs following a catastrophic incident. For instance, if the victim suffers a heart attack or a respiratory failure, the blood flow of oxygen to the brain will deplete. When the injured victim’s brain is oxygen-depleted, the victim can suffer an Irreversible brain injury that leads to memory loss and cognitive deficiencies.
Deceleration Injuries or Diffuse Axonal Injury
The skull’s thick, inflexible surface protects the soft tissue of the brain from a direct impact. However, when the skull’s movement is suddenly decelerated, for instance, upon colliding with a stationary object, the brain hammers against the skull. The brain is soft, so it moves at a different rate of speed than the skull. The brain’s movement speed also varies across its surface due to relative differences in brain tissue density. The collision of the brain and skull caused by their differential movements leads to diffuse axonal shearing, brain swelling, and brain contusions.
When the brain moves back and forth inside of the skull, it stretches and compresses the fragile long axons of neurons. A strong impact to the head may tear the overstretched neurons, a process known as axonal shearing. The neuron dies as a consequence of this traumatic action. Severe brain injuries are characterized by a great amount of axonal shearing and the death of neurons.
Preventing of Traumatic Brain Injury
One way to prevent child traumatic brain injuries while riding in a car is to buckle children using safety seats, booster seats, or seat belts. The proper seat for your child depends upon the child’s age, weight, and height. Adults should also wear seat belts to prevent traumatic brain injuries.
You should always wear a helmet when riding bicycles or motorcycles, working on construction sites, playing contact sports, or riding horses.
Senior citizens can reduce their risk of traumatic brain injuries by removing tripping hazards such as clutter and throw rugs found in walkways. They should also use non-slip mats in bathrooms and install grab bars next to showers and toilets.
You can further reduce your accident risk by improving your home lighting and remaining physically active to improve your body strength and balance.
Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury
Traumatic brain injuries cause a wide range of physical and psychological side effects. Sometimes TBIs don’t manifest for week or months after the incident.
Mild Traumatic Brain Injury
Mild traumatic brain injuries are accompanied by a loss of consciousness, post-traumatic amnesia, or confusion and disorientation. They can also cause sleep problems, nausea and/or vomiting, light sensitivity and impeded speech. A concussion is often an indicator of a mild TBI.
Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury
Moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries cause loss of consciousness for several minutes to hours, persistent headaches, seizures and convulsions, weakness and numbness in the fingers and toes, reduced coordination, and dilation in one or both pupils.
Cognitive symptoms of moderate to severe TBIs include slurred speech, confusion, consciousness disorders such as a coma, and constant agitation. Moderate to severe concussions are indicators of worse TBIs.
TBIs in Children
Very young children may not be able to communicate their brain injury symptoms, such as a headache or confusion. Observable symptoms in children include changes in eating habits and nursing habits, persistent crying with little success of consolation, variation in concentration ability, depression, changes in sleeping habits, or lost interest in favorite play toys.
Traumatic Brain Injuries in the Elderly
Although the elderly are more active and healthier than they were several generations ago, they still have an increased risk of falling that may lead to a traumatic brain injury. Traumatic brain injuries also tend to have a high mortality rate in the elderly.
Call a Brain Injury Attorney Today for More Information
If you or someone you love is experiencing TBI symptoms following an accident, immediately seek medical attention. Then, contact the Atlanta brain injury lawyer team at Allen & Scofield Injury Lawyers, LLC at (404) 419-6674 for your free consultation so that you don’t miss the opportunity build a winning traumatic brain injury case.